A female pelvic medicine and reproductive surgery (urogynecologist) is a sub-specialty surgeon who has been trained to care for women with pelvic floor disorders. The pelvic floor refers to the set of muscles, ligaments, and connective tissue that surround and provide support to the pelvic organs such as the bladder, uterus, vagina, rectum, and bowel. Pelvic floor disorders include incontinence (leakage of urine or feces), prolapse (descent of the pelvic organs, pressure, or bulge), emptying disorders (difficulty with urinating or moving bowels), overactive bladder (frequency, urgency, difficulty with control) – there are a large variety of conditions that these physicians can treat. A urogynecologist is unique because they have undergone additional training after a primary residency in either urology or gynecology. This includes further experience in colorectal issues, neurologic conditions, and pelvic surgery. Urogynecologists have a certification in Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery.
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