An Intro to Urological Oncology

Published: September 10, 2020
stethoscope wrapped in blue ribbon

Whichever way you slice it, a cancer diagnosis is something no one wants. But once you get over the shock of the diagnosis itself, the next step is getting yourself aligned with a team of experts that are knowledgeable on your particular diagnosis and can explain your options. 

At Virginia Urology, in addition to general urology, we treat urological cancer patients. That includes patients that have been diagnosed with bladder cancer, kidney cancer, prostate cancer and testicular cancer.

Bladder Cancer:

There are two primary types of bladder cancer – Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer and Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer. The risk for developing bladder cancer is higher for men, and increases with age. The most common early sign of bladder cancer is blood in the urine, which may or may not be visible to the naked eye. Treatment varies based on each individual’s condition and the type and stage of cancer at diagnosis.

Kidney Cancer:

Smoking, obesity and high blood pressure put people at a higher risk for developing kidney cancer. Kidney cancer can exist without detectable symptoms. However, as the disease develops it can be accompanied by pain in the back or sides, blood in the urine, fatigue, and unexplained loss of appetite or weight. Commonly, treatment will include removing part of or all of the impacted kidney. 

Prostate Cancer:

This cancer only impacts men (they’re the only ones with prostates!) and the risk increases as men age. Prostate cancer can develop without causing noticeable symptoms, but in some cases patients experience increased urination, difficulty urinating, hematuria, and pain in the pelvic area. Prostate cancer is simple to screen for, usually starting with a blood test. Treatment options vary based on age, stage and grade of cancer, and your individual risk factors. 

Testicular Cancer:

This cancer doesn’t fit the typical pattern of impacting people more often as they age. Testicular cancer is actually more common in younger men between puberty and the age of 35. A lump in the scrotum is one of the common indicators of testicular cancer. However, it can also cause pain or swelling in the testicles, scrotum, or groin. Treatment can include removing the diseased testicle and nearby abdominal lymph nodes, and/or radiation and chemotherapy.

Our Virginia Urology Oncology Team: 

Virginia Urology is a leader in the treatment and research of urologic cancers. We have urologists that have completed fellowship training in urologic oncology, learning specialized surgical techniques. This allows them to leverage minimally-invasive laparoscopic and robotic surgery methods when appropriate. In addition, we offer external beam radiation, brachytherapy, cryotherapy and medical therapies. 

Talk to your doctor about your family’s medical history, and learn what type of screenings you should be doing (PSA test, self-exams, etc.) to make sure that you catch any potential urological cancer as early as possible. And of course, if you’re experiencing any sort of urological symptom – don’t ignore it, make an appointment with Virginia Urology to get to the bottom of it.


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